Did you know that Reed Gold Mine is the site of the first documented gold find in the United States!? Upon this amazing discovery, gold mining spread gradually to nearby counties and eventually into other southern states. North Carolina is the site of this wondrous historical landmark and the gold mine is open to the public! Learn of how you can partake of the “golden opportunities” at the Reed Gold Mine and have a “gem of a good time”!
John Reed…A Simple Man With a ‘Golden’ Vision!
John Reed, who was a Hessian soldier, left the British army near the conclusion of the Revolutionary War. He later came to settle near fellow Germans living in the lower Piedmont of North Carolina. One Sunday in 1799, Reed’s son, Conrad, found a large yellow rock in Little Meadow Creek on the Reed farm in Cabarrus County. The rock reportedly weighed 17 pounds and for three years was used as a doorstop inside the Reed household! Imagine that! In 1802, a jeweler in Fayetteville, NC identified the gold nugget. He purchased it for the asked price of $3.50—one-tenth of one percent of its true value. Later that year, John Reed began the Reed mining operation alongside three men in a joint partnership. Later on, Peter a slave, had discovered a 28-pound nugget. So with only pans and rockers in hand, the miners recovered an estimated yield of one hundred thousand dollars by 1824!
A ‘Golden’ Experience!
The Reed Gold Mine serves as a place for fun and discovery! Segments and areas of the underground tunnels at the Reed Mine have been restored for guided tours. The gold mine is also equipped with a visitor’s center that displays exhibits of gold and historical mining equipment.Visitors can also enjoy and learn information from the orientation film that shares “nuggets” of history, great facts and fun! And should you need a break from all of that gold mining you and the family will be doing, there is also a picnic area that allows for fellowship, fun and rest!
Here are some terms that are used when mining for gold!
Geology-The science or study of rocks in the earth.
Adit-An entrance to a mine, generally a horizontal tunnel.
Footwall-The wall or rock on the underside of a stope.
Stope-An excavation created by the removal of ore and consequent widening of the drift.
Whim-A winding machine used for hoisting ore out of a shaft.
Shaft-A vertical entrance to a mine cut downward from the surface.
Lode-An ore deposit occurring in place within definite boundaries separating it from the adjoining rocks.
Hanging Wall-The wall or rock on the upper or topside of an ore deposit.
The Golden Fun!
Entrance into Reed Gold mine is free. There is a two dollar panning fee. Panning is the practice of extracting gold from a placer deposit using a pan. Panning is seen as one of the simplest ways to extract gold and does not require extensive training.
‘Nuggets’ Of Information!
9621 Reed Mine Rd.
Midland, N.C. 28107
Phone: (704) 721-GOLD (4653)
Fax: (704) 721-4657
Hours of Operation:
Tuesday – Saturday–9 a.m.-5 p.m.
Closed Sundays, Mondays, and most major holidays.
Please call for detailed hours and information!
No fee is charged for admission or tours of the mine. Gold panning is $2 per pan. A group rate of $1.50 per pan is available.
Take Albemarle Road. (N.C. 24/27) Enter Cabarrus County. After crossing Hwy 601, turn left on Reed Mine Road, go approximately three miles, and the site will be on the right.
Take Hwy 29 South to U.S. 601 south to N.C. 200. Turn left on N.C. 200 to Reed Mine Road at Georgeville. Turn right, go approximately three miles, and the site will be on the left. Alternate) Take 485 to south to exit 41 and turn left at traffic light and follow the signs. ( approximately 20miles).
Take U.S. 601 north. Follow U.S. 601 to N.C. 24/27 east. Take N.C. 24/27 to Reed Mine Road, turn left, and follow the signs to the site.
Take N.C. 24/27 west through Locust. Turn right on Reed Mine Road and follow the signs to the site.
Take 485 toward Concord, take exit 41 (HWY 24/27). Turn left at the light and follow the signs.
Cicely C. Mitchell